As discussed on guix-devel here (please see for more detailed discussion and design aims): https://lists.gnu.org/r/guix-devel/2022-07/msg00161.htmlthis is a patch to add an FHS (Filesystem Hierarchy Standard) emulation option for environments.
The overall goal is to mimic typical GNU/Linux distributions in following FHS (/bin, /etc, and /usr in particular) as well as a glibc that reads a global /etc/ld.so.cache and PATH with /bin, and so on. The idea is that following instructions for setting up a development environment, building software, running something, and so on in "typical" Linux environments, should "just work" with 'guix shell --container --emulate-fhs ...', provided the right inputs and other options are set.
For testers, this can be used by using pre-inst-env (outside of the pure shell used to build a local guix) to run guix shell with this patch. Please see the mailing list discussion for particular examples as well.
For review, in particular:
1. On the mailing list there was discussion about the necessity or not of glibc-for-fhs (added in the first patch). I find this useful and a big piece of making this FHS option work, but open to discussion or if it should be a further option.
2. Right now I used a script written to the containers /tmp/fhs.sh to generate the ld cache, supplement $PATH (somewhat optional, but I found useful for less tinkering), and finally launch the given command or shell. I found that when not providing a command the prompt for /bin/sh is not the same as when not using --emulate-fhs. So I'm not sure if this is the correct way to launch the default /bin/sh if no command is given. Open to ideas of a better way to implement these actions for a container start up as well.
3. This is my first time touching a guix script and the documentation, so please do check the commit message and guix.texi.
4. I decided to link the second level FHS directories, like /usr/bin, as well as optional ones like /lib64 (or /lib32), to the top level /bin, /lib, and so on. These could just be bind mounted to profile/bin and so on as well, but again tried to mimic an FHS distribution like Arch where the files only live in one place. While perhaps making the code a little more involved, I hope this makes the container look tidier.
I may be forgetting other elements in the implementation decisions I made, but I have been testing these patches along the way and have gotten good usage of them. Please test further too!